In pursuance of the recommendations of the Scientific Manpower Committee, the Apprenticeship Training Scheme for Engineering Graduates and Diploma Holders in Engineering was introduced during post- independence era by the then Ministry of Education, Govt. of India, under a scheme which was known as Practical Training Stipendiary Scheme (PTS Scheme). In this scheme, a limited number of Graduates and Diploma holders in engineering/technology were placed in the industries for practical training on a monthly stipend. The PTS Scheme was purely on voluntary basis and the stipends paid to the apprentices were fully borne by the Govt. of India and the Scheme was administered directly by the Ministry of Education. During the year 1973 the Apprentices Act was amended to bring the training of the Graduates and Diploma holders in Engineering/Technology within its purview.

In 1986, the Apprentices Act was further amended (Apprentices Act, 1961 {Amendments}) to bring Higher Secondary (10+2) Vocational certificate holders under the purview of the scheme. The new category of apprentices is known as technician (Vocational) apprentices. In addition to Graduate and Technician apprenticeship Training Scheme, the implementation of technician (Vocational) Apprenticeship Training Scheme as also entrusted to Regional Boards of Apprenticeship/Practical Training under Department of Secondary & Higher Education, Ministry of Human Resource Development, Govt. of India, and 94 subject fields have been notified under this scheme.

Provision of the Act

The importance of industrialization was emphasized by Govt. of India in order to provide job opportunities for the vast majority of the people and to achieve economic growth. The various skills needed for the industries were identified. In order to meet the requirements of the industries the Govt. of India decided to utilize the facilities available in the industries for training technicians and thus the apprenticeship training was envisaged and the Apprentices Act 1961 was enacted in the Parliament during December, 1961 to provide practical training to pass outs of Industrial Training Institute to enhance their technical competency. Central Apprenticeship Council was created to advise the government to formulate policies and procedures.

Candidates’ eligibility

Following are the eligibilities for students to be recruited for apprenticeship training:

• Candidates should have passed degree in Engineering/Technology or Diploma in Engineering/Technology from the institutes approved by AICTE/ Directorate of Technical Education of concerned States and 10+2 Vocational passed out students from Higher Secondary Schools/ Jr. Colleges and Intermediate education.
• Candidates should not have undergone apprenticeship training elsewhere.
• Candidates should not have work experience of one year or more.
• Candidates should not have completed three years after passing of the qualifying examinations.

Recruitment procedure

The seats allotted by this Board, are required to be filled through any source: either by contacting technical and vocational institutions of near by area or releasing advertisement in News Paper or by approaching this Board for list of candidates or participating in the centralized selections organized by this Board.

Sandwich Course

Some technical institutions are conducting sandwich courses for degree and diploma engineering students. All establishments are required to recruit students of these sandwich courses for 2-3 semesters for a total duration of 48 to 52 weeks in 2-3 spells when requested by these institutions or directed by this Board. Contracts of these apprentices are also to be submitted to this Board for registration as mentioned in Para 6 (a) above. Before accepting the contract papers from the company, a college bonafide certificate must be obtained and submitted along with registration card.

Field of Engineering

List of subject fields in Engineering and Technology
• List of designated trades for the Vocational apprentices

Period of Training

One year.

Monthly stipend

The existing monthly stipend rates as recommended by the Central Apprenticeship Council and notified by the Govt., of India vide Notification No. GSR 375E effective from 23rd March, 2011, are as follows:

Sl. No.
Candidates minimum educational qualification Required for being engaged as an apprentice Category
Monthly stipend(Rs.)
1
Engineering Graduate Apprentice
3560/-
2
Sandwich Course Student of Engineering College Graduate Apprentice (Sandwich)
2530/-
3
Diploma Holder in Engineering Technician Apprentice
2530/-
4
Sandwich Course Student of Polytechnic College Technician Apprentice (Sandwich)
2070/-
5
(10+2) Vocational Certificate Holder
Technician (Vocational) Apprentice
1970/-

The significance of the Apprenticeship Training Scheme is that the Govt. of India, Ministry of Human Resource Development, Department of Secondary & Higher Education reimburses 50% of stipendiary amount to the training establishments through the respective regional Boards. However the training establishments are at liberty to pay stipend at higher rates than the minimum prescribed amount.

Survey and Notification

The Regional Central Apprenticeship Adviser of the Board of Practical Training (BOPT) locates the industries for notification in the eastern region to be covered under the Apprentices (Amendment) Act, 1973 & 1986. After notification the industry will be informed by a notice and accordingly the industry will provide information for assessment of establishments (Form7) .The factors to be considered in exercise of powers conferred under Sub-Section 3(A) of Section 8 of the Apprenticeship Act, 1961 as amended in 1973 & 1986 are given below:

• The number of technical persons deployed in an industry / organization
• The training facilities available in an industry/ organization.

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